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  • 由於現實中我們有許多我們無法高效得到某一問題的最優解, 往往我們會通過隨機的思想, 在海量的窮舉之中找到近似的最優解, 而這種隨機是通過一定的規則去選取的.
  • 優化問題:

    • 函數優化: 分量連續
    • 組合優化: 分量離散
  • 領域函數: 只從一個解集到另一個解集的隨機映射關係

  • 局部極小: 是一種利用貪心和领域函数去尋找更優解的思想


  • Genetic Algorithm
  • Simulated Annealing Algorithm
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