Interactivity and Dynamic UIs Back

After talking about how to display data with React, this document is talking about how to make our UIs interactive.

評論: React 中充斥著各種各樣的組件 Component, 我們把數據看成流水般, 因稱作 Data Flow. State 宛如某個組件的入水口, 我們該在哪裡去定義這個入水口, 以使得水流經較多的組件, 這就是 React 中如何運用好 State 的關鍵點.

A Simple Example

class LikeButton extends React.Component {
    constructor() {

        this.state = {
            linked: false

        this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this);

    handleClick() {
        this.setState({ linked: !this.state.linked });

    render() {
        const text = this.state.linked ? 'like' : 'haven\'t liked';
        return (
            <div onClick={this.handleClick}>
                You {text} this. Click to toggle.

    <LikeButton />,

Event Handling and Synthetic Events (合成事件)

React has implemented a synthetic event system to ensure that all events behave similarly in all browsers with knowing how to bubble and capture events.

Under the Hood(面紗之下): Autobinding and Event Delegation(委託)


When creating callbacks in JavaScript, you usually need to explicitly bind a method to its instance such that the value of this is correct. With React, every method is automatically bound to its component instance (except when using ES6 class syntax).

Methods follow the same semantics as regular ES6 classes, meaning that they don't automatically bind this to the instance. You'll have to explicitly use .bind(this) or arrow functions =>:

/** .bind(this) */
<div onClick={this.tick.bind(this)} />
/** arrow functions */
<div onClick={() => this.tick()} />

It's recommended to bind events in the constructor so that they are only bound once (for better performnce, especially implementing shouldComponentUpdate() with a shallow comparison in the child components.):

constructor(props) {
    this.state = { count: props.initilCount };
    this.tick = this.tick.bind(this);

/** directly use */
<div onClick={this.tick()} />

Event delegation

React doesn't actually attach event handlers to the nodes themselves. When React starts up, it starts listening for all events at the top level using a single event listener. When a component is mounted or unmounted, the event handlers are simply added or removed from an internal mapping. When an event occurs, React knows how to dispatch it using this mapping. When there are no event handlers left in the mapping, React's event handlers are simple no-ops. To learn more about why this is fast, see David Walsh's excellent blog post.

Components are Just State Machines

In React, you simply update a component's state, and then render a new UI based on this new state. React takes care of updating the DOM for you in the most efficient way.

How State Works

A common way to inform React of a data change is by calling setState(data, callback). This method merges data into this.state and re-renders the component. When the component finishes re-rendering, the optional callback is called. Most of the time you'll never need to provide a callback since React will take care of keeping your UI up-to-date for you. But you'll ask what components should have states? Try to keep as many of your components as possible stateless.

What Should Go in State?

State should contain data that a component's event handlers may change to trigger a UI update. In real apps this data tends to be very small and JSON-serializable. When building a stateful component, think about the minimal possible representation of its state, and only store those properties in this.state.

What Shouldn't Go in State?

  • Computed Data: For example, if you have an array of list items in state and you want to render the count as a string, simply render this.state.listItems.length + ' list items' in your render() method rather than storing it on state.
  • React Components: Build them in render() based on underlying props and state.
  • Duplicated data from props: Try to use props as the source of truth where possible. One valid use to store props in state is to be able to know its previous values, because props may change as the result of a parent component re-rendering.
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