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Project Integration Management Back

1. Processes

  1. Developing the project charter(憲章)
    • a document that formally recognizes(承認) the existence of a project and provides direction(指導) on the project's objectives and management.
    • you should have the follow things as input:
      • a project statement of work
      • a business case
      • agreements
      • enterprise environmental factors
      • organizational process assets
  2. Developing the project management plan.
    • Common elements:
      • introduction or overview of the project
      • description of how the project is organized
      • management and technical processes used on the project
      • work to be done, schedule and budget information
  3. Directing and managing project work.
    • Execution tools:
      • Expert judgment
      • Meetings
      • Project management information systems
  4. Monitoring and controlling project work.
    • Collecting measuring
    • Disseminating(宣傳)
  5. Performing integrated change control
    • 3 main objectives:
      • Influencing the factors that create changes to ensure that changes are beneficial
      • Determining that a change has occured
      • Managing actual changes as they occur
    • Change control:
      • a Change Control System describes when and how offical project documents and work may be changed and describes who is authorized to make changes and how to make it.
      • a Change Control Bord(CCB) is a formal group of people responsible for approving or rejecting changes on a project.
    • Making timely(及時的) changes:
      • 48-hour policy
  6. Closing the project or phase

2. SWOT analysis

  • Strengths(優勢)
  • Weaknesses(劣勢)
  • Opportunities(機遇)
  • Threats(威脅)

3. Planning Stages

  • Methods for selecting projects:
    • focusing on board organizational needs.
      • 3 criterias:
        • there is a need for the project
        • there are funds(儲備) available
        • there is a strong will to make it succeed
    • categorizing(分類) information technology projects.
      • focus on addressing:
        • a problem
        • an opportunity
        • a directive(指令)
      • focus on time
        • how long it takes
        • when it's needed
      • focus on the priority
    • performing net present value or other financial analysis.
      • Net Present Value(NPV) analysis
        • 淨現值
        • NPV = Benifits - Costs
      • Return on Investment(ROI) analysis
        • 投資回報率
        • ROI = (Benifits - Costs) / Costs
      • Payback analysis
        • 回本
        • Payback Period: the amount of time to recoup(收回)
    • using a weighted scoring model

4. Q&A

  • What stage of information technology planning outlines business processes that are central to achieving strategic goals and helps determine which ones could most benefit from information technology?
    • project planning
    • business area analysis
    • resource allocation
    • information technology strategy planning

answer: business area analysis.

  • In what stage of selecting information technology projects, organizations select information technology projects?
    • project planning
    • business area analysis
    • resource allocation
    • information technology strategy planning

answer: resource allocation.

  • Which of the following is true of return on investment or ROI?
    • It is always a percentage.
    • It is the result of adding the project costs to the profits.
    • It is always a positive number.
    • The lower it is, the better.

answer: It is always a percentage.

  • A project's internal rate of return can be determined by finding what discount rate results in an NPV of _ for the project?
    • zero
    • a hundred percent
    • one
    • fifty percent

answer: zero.

  • Which is a document that recognizes the existence of a project and provides direction on the project's objectives and management?
    • stakeholder register
    • directive
    • risk register
    • project charter

answer: project charter.

  • The business case includes information on what?
    • the business need for the project
    • the project objective, high-level requirements, and time and cost goals
    • relevant government or industry standards
    • policies, procedures, guidelines, and systems that influence a project's success

answer: the project objective, high-level requirements, and time and cost goals.

  • Which of the following is a proactive process undertaken to reduce the probability of negative consequences associated with project risks?
    • Performance reports
    • Defect repairs
    • Preventive actions
    • Corrective actions

answer: Preventive actions.

  • An IT company revises its process parameters in response to complaints from vendors that products were not ready on time. This would be an example of what?
    • cost forecasting
    • defect repairs
    • a preventive action
    • a corrective action

answer: a corrective action.

  • What involves identifying and controlling the functional and physical design characteristics of products and their support documentation, and ensures that the descriptions of the project's products are correct and complete.
    • NPV analysis
    • Configuration management
    • Project management information systems
    • Project time management

answer: Configuration management.

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